Castleton

Slideshow

Castleton, with Mam Tor dominating the skyline behind
Castleton, with Mam Tor dominating the skyline behind
Castleton is one of the most popular destinations for visitors to the Peak District. Maybe this is because it has everything the visitor might want - picturesque scenery, a ruined Norman castle, showcaves, interesting geology, good walks, places to eat and a pretty village. However, this also means that you must be prepared to share the village with the crowds, even on winter weekends.

Peveril castle from Cavedale
Peveril castle from Cavedale
The village is centred around a square in which the church lies - this is just off the main road and directly beneath Peveril Castle on the hill behind. The castle was built in 1080 as a wooden building and rebuilt in stone around 1175. The church was begun about the same time and has a fine Norman arch across the Nave, which was constructed from 1190 to 1250. The tower was added in 1450-1500 and more additions were made in the 19th century. Other signs of the Norman era still remain - across the main road by the Bull's Head Inn you can see a section of the Town Ditch, a defensive earthwork built around the village. This was once a feature of many of the villages of the region.

The two main features of interest, apart from the castle, are Cave Dale and Peak Cavern. Both are reached from the top of the main square - Cave Dale to the left (east) and Peak Cavern to the right (west). Cave Dale is a collapsed cavern and the very bottom part was covered by a natural arch until 200 years ago. It is a spectacular walk up the dale, which is very deep and narrow, with mineral veins crossing it at intervals. As you climb up the Dale, directly above the subterranean chambers of Peak Cavern, you get a good view of Peveril Castle.

Peak Cavern entrance
Peak Cavern entrance
Until very recently, Peak Cavern was the most impressive natural cavern in the Peak District. It is open as a showcave from April to October but is worth walking up to even if the cave attraction itself is shut. Take a narrow lane from the top corner of the village square (past the chip shop) to reach Peakshole Water, the stream which flows from the cavern. Take the path up the right hand bank of the stream into the deep chasm which is the entrance to the cavern. You'll notice on the other side a small stream flowing into Peakshole Water. This is the water from Russett Well, water that has come underground from caverns on the west side of Winnats pass - tracing the source of the water took the local geologists a long time! Now approach the impressive entrance to the cavern, which was once used by a family of ropemakers who built their cottages actually within the cave entrance.

The recently discovered Titan cavern under nearby Hurd Low dwarfs Peak Cavern and means that in the future Peak Cavern will have more competition for visitors but Titan remains inaccessible to the public for the foreseeable future.

Around the village square there are some fine old houses and cottages, including a Youth Hostel and some pubs. On the main road there are several shops selling Blue John (a local variety of Fluorspar with a fine colouring), jewellery made from this or souvenirs. One shop here houses the Ollerenshaw Collection, which contains a range of fine specimens of Blue John jewellery and artefacts.

Towards Mam Tor there is a public car park with public toilets and the Peak National Park Information Centre (telephone 01433 620679).

Castleton has a carnival at the end of May, the main event of which is called Garland Day on May 29th, when large garlands of flowers are made and the participants wear sprigs of oak. The Garland King and Queen are weighed down with immense garlands and a parade takes place through the village to the main square, when the King's garland is placed on top of the church tower. The ceremony is said to commemorate the Restoration of Charles II (hence the oak sprigs), but may well be a relic of some ancient fertility rite.
 

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/places/townalbum.php Photo Gallery - click on the images to enlarge- Click Here for a slide show
Mine workings outside the Odin Mine Castleton
0 - Mine workings outside the Odin Mine Castleton
Mam Tor Iron Age ramparts and the view across Edale
1 - Mam Tor Iron Age ramparts and the view across Edale
Mam Tor summit with Kinder Scout behind
2 - Mam Tor summit with Kinder Scout behind
Winnats Pass view
3 - Winnats Pass view
Mam Tor summit looking down to Lose Hill
4 - Mam Tor summit looking down to Lose Hill
Peveril Castle from Cave Dale
5 - Peveril Castle from Cave Dale
Peveril Castle keep
6 - Peveril Castle keep
Winnats Pass
7 - Winnats Pass
Castleton - the entrance to Peak Cavern
8 - Castleton - the entrance to Peak Cavern
Castleton - Peak Cavern entrance with Peveril castle above
9 - Castleton - Peak Cavern entrance with Peveril castle above
Mam Tor view in temperature inversion
10 - Mam Tor view in temperature inversion
Bradwell welldressing
11 - Bradwell welldressing
Bradwell village
12 - Bradwell village
Cement Works, Hope Valley
13 - Cement Works, Hope Valley
Castleton Garland Day
14 - Castleton Garland Day
Castleton Garland King
15 - Castleton Garland King
Hope Church
16 - Hope Church
Hang glider waiting to take off above Winnats Pass
17 - Hang glider waiting to take off above Winnats Pass
Paragliders above Hope Valley
18 - Paragliders above Hope Valley
Hangglider taking off from Mam Tor
19 - Hangglider taking off from Mam Tor
Hangglider near Mam Tor
20 - Hangglider near Mam Tor
Hangglider near Mam Tor
21 - Hangglider near Mam Tor
Castleton view with Mam Tor behind
22 - Castleton view with Mam Tor behind
Hollins Cross and Lose Hill frombelow Mam Tor
23 - Hollins Cross and Lose Hill frombelow Mam Tor
Winnats Pass from Mam Tor
24 - Winnats Pass from Mam Tor
Castleton - looking up Cave Dale
25 - Castleton - looking up Cave Dale
Castleton - Cave Dale
26 - Castleton - Cave Dale
Mam Tor view to Lose Hill
27 - Mam Tor view to Lose Hill
Peveril Castle view to Mam Tor
28 - Peveril Castle view to Mam Tor
Hope Churchyard - Saxon cross
29 - Hope Churchyard - Saxon cross
Castleton - looking down from above Peak Cavern entrance
30 - Castleton - looking down from above Peak Cavern entrance
Bradwell - White Hart Inn
31 - Bradwell - White Hart Inn

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